The US golf association:
The USGA was originally formed in 1894 to resolve the question of a national amateur championship. On December 22, 1894, the Amateur Golf Association of the United States was officially formed, and was shortly thereafter renamed the "United States Golf Association." The USGA is the reason that the rules are the same for a game of golf anywhere you play, but the USGA has not always been involved with the Rules of Golf, and it has other roles as well.
The USGA hosts championships, sets the Rules of Golf, tests equipment to determine whether it conforms to the rules, provides funding for research in golf-related fields, administers a system of handicaps, and performs other functions that promote the game of golf. The USGA also plays a prominent role as the game’s historian in the United States, collecting, displaying and preserving artifacts and memorabilia at its Museum and Archives in Far Hills, N.J. Today the USGA holds twelve other championships in addition to the US Open each season.
1 year after the USGA was founded the first US Open was played at the Newport Golf Club, one day after the official US Amateur championship was played for the first time. In 1896, the US Open was integrated for the first time, with an African-American contestant and a Native American contestant. In order to run successful tournaments there had to be rules. So the USGA quickly got into the rule-making business. The rules they made were similar to the rules of the R in most ways, but they had some differences. Those differences grew greater as time passed, so they decided to produce a joint copy of the rules. The first addition of these Rules of Golf came out in 1952, and this joint venture continues.
Founding Members• Newport Golf Club
• Shinnecock Hills Golf Club
• The Country Club (Brookline, Massachusetts)
• St. Andrew's Golf Club (Yonkers, New York)
• Chicago Golf Club.
The USGA was also into equipment testing. Equipment used in golf is required to meet the rules, so testing is conducted to make sure that it is. The USGA provides players with a list of conforming and non-conforming products to guide them. Because of the strict rules about conforming and non-conforming drivers and golf balls, people who are new to golf may be surprised to learn that adjustable clubs like the TaylorMade R11 are on the USGA's Conforming Clubs List.