The Titanic was one of the biggest, fastest, and most luxury ships of its time, in 1912. It was considered the unsinkable ship, and a state of the art, commanded by Edward Smith, one of the best captains at that time. It was on its maiden voyage from Southampton, England to New York City, supposed to be a 7 day trip, it struck an iceberg in the North Atlantic Ocean, about 400 miles south of Newfoundland, Canada. It hit the iceberg on April 14th, at 11:40PM, ships time, and was at the bottom of the ocean by 2:20 AM, April 15th. Around 1,500 people died in the Titanic sinking and only 705 lived.
Did it have to happen? There are many explanations and circumstances on why the Titanic hit the iceberg and why it sank, because the crash seemed so gentle. Some of the main points are that the titanic was held together with weaker iron rivets that could have been placed, the way the Titanic hit the iceberg. There are many very slight machinations that could have been different and the Titanic would not have sank that night.
Did 1,503 people have to die? The Titanic only brought 20 lifeboats out of the maximum capacity of 64, just because of the fact that they were so sure that it would not sink, and it looked better with less lifeboats. The 20 lifeboats were not enough to get the whole population of people on the ship into lifeboats, only 1,178, or approximately 59 people on each.
The ship did not notice the iceberg, even though they should have been able to spot one 12 miles away with the naked eye. But, they only saw it soon before they hit it, not giving them much time to dodge the iceberg. There are different theories on exactly why the lookouts were unable to see it, one of them being a cold air mirage. If they would have spotted the iceberg nearly 30 seconds earlier, they may have of been able to avoid it. When they did see the iceberg, the ship was turned to a left and the right side of the ship was scraped by the side of the iceberg, causing a 300 foot gash in the hull.