It is highly debated whether Titanic might not have hit the iceberg had the right precautions been taken. On the night the Titanic hit the iceberg, it was going full speed and it was a moonless night. This made it harder for the lookouts to be able find the iceberg in time for the ship to get out of the way. One of the lookouts left the binoculars in the crow's nest.
The radio operator of the Titanic got an iceberg warning from a nearby ship, the Californian. He thought the warning was just chitchat, so he told the Californian’s radio operator to shut up. The Californian’s radio operator hung up, so no one received the distress call that was sent later that night.
When the lookouts first saw the iceberg, they started to change course in order to avoid hitting the iceberg. It is possible that the sinking of the Titanic could have been avoided if the iceberg was hit head on. There wouldn’t be a huge rip in the side and four or less compartments would have flooded.
The Californian’s captain, Stanley Lord saw the distress flares that Titanic was sending off. He ignored these flares and didn’t help the survivors of the Titanic. He claimed that he could see them, but it was possible that he couldn’t identify them as flares. However, the Californian tried to reach the Titanic via Morse code lamp signals, but this didn’t produce a response.
An additional loss of life was caused that was not necessary. The traditional maritime policy of boarding lifeboats was “women and children first” which meant that men were not allowed into the lifeboats until all women and children were in. The number of lifeboats wasn’t enough to accommodate all the passengers and crew members either. The lifeboats were not lowered in time and not all the lifeboats were launched. The few survivors that managed to safely board the lifeboats were rescued by the Carpathia, another nearby ship.
One of the theories on why the Titanic sank is that there was a mirage that night. A mirage bends light rays and displaces images on the horizon. In this case, a mirage made the iceberg invisible so the lookouts weren’t able to spot it in time. If this was true, binoculars would have been rendered useless.