The titanic was called the unsinkable ship, but is that really true? The RMS Titanic was the world's largest passenger ship. The Titanic was part of the White Star liner company, owned by Bruce Ismay. The ship was going from Southampton, England to New York City. On April 14, 1912 at 11:39 p.m. the starboard side of the ship hit an iceberg. And at about 2:20 a.m. on the morning of April 15, the massive vessel sank into the North Atlantic. This resulted in the loss of more than 1,500 lives, almost two-thirds of the people on board. Titanic has inspired countless books, articles and films, and her story has entered the public consciousness as a cautionary tale about the perils of human hubris. The discovery of the wreck by oceanographer Robert Ballard on a Franco-American expedition in 1985 gave rise to a fresh wave of interest that continues to this day.
Construction of Titanic began on March 31, 1909. The designer of the ship is James Andrews. The ship was built in the Harland & Wolff Shipyards Belfast, Ireland. It cost $7,500,000 to build the ship. The Titanic needed to be held together by over three million iron and steel rivets, which were hammered into place by hand. However, there were many additional flaws in the design of the ship that had little to do with the quality of the steel used, including compartments that were meant to be watertight, and lack of welding technology. The ship was supposed to have 48 lifeboats on board but, they only had 20 on board. The primary design concept meant to make the Titanic unsinkable was a series of sixteen compartments separated by watertight bulkheads in the lower portion of the ship. Rather than, force passengers to use stairs to move between compartments, the ship's designers included doors between them. In case of emergency, those doors could be closed with the flip of a switch, sealing the compartments off from one another and theoretically keeping water confined to the breached compartments. Even if, two middle or four front compartments were breached, the theory ran, the ship would stay afloat. Unfortunately, the iceberg that sank the Titanic breached five compartments.