On the night of April 14th, 1912, the largest and fastest ship of her time, RMS Titanic, built by Harland and Wolff for White Star Lines, struck an iceberg and sank. There are many factors that led to the sinking of the deemed “unsinkable” ocean liner. This tragedy has made Titanic one of the most famous ships to have ever sailed the sea.
Titanic left Southampton, England on April 10th, 1912 and was set to arrive in New York on April 17th, 1912. It left England with approximately 2100 passengers and crew. However, on April 12th, 1912 at 11:40pm, Titanic struck an iceberg and began its quick sink to the bottom of the Atlantic. In under 2 and a half hours, the 52,310 ton ship was on its way to the ocean floor about 400 miles away from Newfoundland, Canada. The water was below freezing, at 28 degrees Farenheit. 1,503 people, both passengers and crew, died in the sinking, and only 706 survived. Captain Edward Smith, who went down with Titanic, worked for White Star from 1880 until the sinking of his ship in 1912. He was regarded as one of White Star’s most experienced captains.
There is no single mistake or factor that led to the sinking of Titanic. There were many problems in the design, construction and when they were at sea. Many of these could have been prevented if crew members and workers at Harland and Wolff and White Star took the time to make sure Titanic would be safe for everyone on board.